The Bermuda Triangle, or as popularly known as The Devil’s Triangle, is a mythical section of the North Atlantic ocean. The Southern Coast of the United States, Bermuda bounds it, and the islands of the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico). The triangle area gives the vertices to Miami, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and Bermuda. The total area ranges between 500,000 to 1,510,000 square miles (1,300,000 to 3,900,000 square kilometers). The Bermuda Triangle did not come out on any of the world maps and the US Board on Geographic Names doesn’t recognize Bermuda Triangle as an official region of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Bermuda Triangle is one of the world’s busiest maritime lanes, with ships passing through on their way to ports in Us, European, and the Caribbean islands. Cruise ships and aircraft routinely fly over it. Bermuda Triangle undergoes heavy traffic, by the sea or air and is a subject of frequent storms and hurricanes. The agonic line occasionally passes through the Bermuda Triangle, including the period of the early 20th century. The agonic line is an imaginary line on the surface of the earth, touching degrees of zero magnetic declination. The gulf stream passes through the Bermuda Triangle too. Milwaukee depth, the deepest point in the Atlantic ocean, is in the Bermuda Triangle.
We have Also known it as the Bermuda Triangle, for the mysterious disappearance of ships and aircraft. Edward Van Winkle Jones’ piece in The Miami Herald on September 17, 1950, was the first to note the strange absence. Two years later, Fate magazine published “Sea Mystery at Our Back Door,” an article about the loss of many planes and ships during a training exercise, including the historic Flight 19 and five US Navy Grumman TBM Avenger Torpedo Bombers. In February 1964, Vincent Gaddis published an article in Pulp magazine Argosy titled “The Deadly Bermuda Triangle,” in which he claimed that Flight 19 and other missing planes were part of a pattern of strange events in the area. Gaddi developed his piece into a book named “Invisible Horizons” the following year. Many other writers elaborated on Gaddi’s ideas: John Wallace Spencer (Limbo of the Lost) 1967, Charles Berlitz ( The Bermuda Triangle ) 1973, and Richard Winer (The Devil’s Triangle) 1974, keeping the supernatural element alive.
There were many criticisms of the concept too. Larry Kusche, the author of The Bermuda Triangle Mystery: Solved (1975), stated that many claims by Gaddi and successive other writers were questionable, exaggerated, and unverifiable. In 2013, World Wild Fund (WWF) named the world’s ten most hazardous water shipping and Bermuda Triangle was not among them. Benjamin Radford, an author, and paranormal investigator jotted in an interview on the Bermuda Triangle that it could be difficult to locate aircraft and ships that are lost, although the disappearance may be mysterious it doesn’t justify it as paranormal or unexplainable activity. People often accept the Bermuda Triangle is an actual manifestation and have given several explanatory approaches.
- Paranormal Explanations–writers have used several supernatural theories to explain the events. One of them was to blame on leftover technology from the mythical, abandoned continent of Atlantis. Predictions from Edgar Cayce are that evidence of Atlantis would be found in 1968, as referring to the discovery of the Bimmi Road, Island of Bimini in the Bahamas. Other writers associate the events of UFOs and other anomalous or unexplained forces.
- Natural Explanations–Some natural explanations are:
• Gulf Stream is the surface current driven by thermocline circulation in the Gulf of Mexico and flows straight through the Straits of Florida into the North Atlantic. It has an ultimate surface velocity of about 2m/s (6.6ft/s). The current can carry away from its noted position a small plane or boat.
• Violent weather, the Bermuda Triangle as stated above experiences powerful storms and hurricanes that have historically cost thousands of lives and billions of dollars in damage. They assumed downdraft of cold air to be a factor in the sinking of Pride of Baltimore on May 14, 1986. Scientists now claim that hexagonal clouds that produce “air bombs” with winds of up to 170 mph are to blame for the hundreds of unexplained maritime incidents.
• Compass difficulties are one of the cited phrases in Triangle happenings. Compasses have natural magnetic variations in relation to the magnetic poles, which navigators have inferred for centuries. The general public believes that a compass is “changing” throughout a territory as big as the Triangle, which it would naturally do.
• Human error is yet another cited explanation for losing any aircraft or vessel.
• Another explanation for some disappearances has focused on extensive fields of ‘methane hydrates’ (natural gas) on the continental rims. Experiments have proven that bubbles can sink a model ship by reducing the density of water. The hypothesis is that methane eruptions (mud volcanoes) can produce frothy water that is no longer competent to provide adequate buoyancy for ships. According to the USGS, no major gas hydrate discharge has occurred in the Triangle in the last 15,000 years.
Some notable incidents were:
• Flight 19 vanished on December 5, 1945.
• Carroll A. Deering was found hard aground and abandoned at Diamond Shoals, North Carolina on January 31, 1921.
• USS Cyclops went missing without a piece of evidence with a crew of 309 sometime after March 4, 1918.
• Star Tiger and Star Ariel. Star Tiger disappeared in thin air on January 13, 1948, on a flight from the Azores to Bermuda. Star Ariel vanished on January 17, 1949, on a flight from Bermuda to Kingston, Jamaica.
• KC-135 Stratotankers collided and crashed into the Atlantic 300 miles west from Bermuda on August 28, 1963.
• Douglas DC-3, disappeared on December 28, 1948, on a flight from San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Miami. No evidence of the aircraft and the 32 people on board was ever found.
• Connemara 4, this yacht was found aimless and drifting in the Atlantic south of Bermuda on September 26, 1955.
The Bermuda Triangle is responsible for the disappearance of many ships and planes within the past 100 years and so. The losses in the area over the year discovered nothing that could justify the casualties. Bermuda Triangle has captivated many who lean towards believing in bizarre theories and stories.